Making your website accessible to everyone, including those with disabilities, is essential in the modern digital age. Not only is it important to comply with legal requirements, but it also ensures that individuals with disabilities can effectively access and utilize your website. Therefore, it’s critical to employ the following ten simple methods to enhance web accessibility on your website.
1. Attach alternative text to images
Alternative text, also called “alt text,” is a brief explanation of an image that appears when the image cannot load, or when someone uses a screen reader. Adding alt text to images enhances accessibility to people with visual impairments.
Why Alt Text Is Important?
Alt text is essential for web accessibility because it helps individuals with visual impairments understand the content of the images on your website.
How to Add Alt Text?
To add alt text, merely include a brief description of the image in the “alt text” section when you upload an image to your website. Be concise and descriptive and shun vague phrases like “image of” or “picture of.”
2. Incorporate clear and precise headings
Headings are indispensable in organizing the content of a web page as they enable screen readers to navigate and comprehend the content. Employ headings that are transparent and concise and describe the content beneath them with accuracy.
Why Clear and Descriptive Headings Are Important?
Clear and descriptive headings are pivotal for web accessibility because they help individuals who use assistive technology navigate and grasp the content of your website.
How to Use Clear and Descriptive Headings?
To use clear and descriptive headings, ensure that each heading adequately explains the content underneath it. Use the suitable heading hierarchy (H1, H2, H3, etc.) to construct your content logically and ascertain that the headings are unique.
3. Confirm that color contrast adheres to accessibility standards
Color contrast is crucial for individuals with visual impairments who rely on high contrast to read the content. Verify that the color contrast on your website adheres to the minimum accessibility standards outlined in the Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG).
Why Color Contrast Is Important?
Color contrast is crucial for people with visual impairments to read the content on your website. Without adequate color contrast, reading the text may be challenging or impossible.
How to Check and Improve Color Contrast?
You can utilize online tools to verify the color contrast on your website and ensure that it adheres to accessibility standards. If the contrast is insufficient, consider modifying the colors used on your website or utilizing larger font sizes.
4. Ensure forms and buttons are accessible
Confirm that all forms and buttons on your website are accessible, meaning they can be operated using a keyboard alone. Also, include explicit instructions and error messages to assist users in filling out forms correctly.
Why Accessible Forms and Buttons Are Important?
Accessible forms and buttons are indispensable for people with mobility impairments who cannot use a mouse or touch screen to navigate your website.
How to Make Forms and Buttons Accessible?
To make forms and buttons accessible, ensure that they can be operated using a keyboard alone. Use clear instructions and error messages to guide users through the process of filling out a form.
5. Utilize easily readable fonts and font sizes
Select a font that is simple to read and confirm that the font size is at least 16 pixels or higher. This assists people with visual impairments in reading your content more easily.
Why Easy-to-Read Fonts and Font Sizes Are Important?
Using easy-to-read fonts and font sizes is important because it helps to make written information more accessible and understandable to a wider audience.
How to Make Content Readable?
To make content readable, use clear and concise language, break up text into small paragraphs, and use subheadings, bullet points, and easy-to-read fonts and font sizes.
In conclusion, web accessibility means ensuring that everyone, including people with disabilities, can access and use your website effectively. By implementing these simple ways, you can make your website accessible, comply with legal requirements, and engage with people with disabilities effectively.